Sky-high energy costs leave disabled people in the cold

Notes to the editor:

For more information contact Warren Kirwan in the Scope press office on 020 7169 7702 or email

1. Research carried out by Opinium Research between 20 and 28 December 2016 with 501 disabled UK adults. The sample has been weighted to reflect a representative audience. The research also sheds light on how these energy costs impact on other areas of life.

  • One in eight (13%) have skipped a meal.
  • While nearly one in ten (8%) have delayed or missed bill payments.

There are currently 6.9 million working age disabled people in the UK (Family Resources Survey 2014/15). If this estimate was to hold for all working age disabled people that would equal 2 million people in the UK.

Energy cost estimates are based on Living Food and Cost Survey 2014, which is the government’s survey on household spending. It is based on over 5,000 households in the UK. We have defined a disabled households as one with at least one disabled person.
Priority Services Registers (PSR) – the research found that three quarters (74%) of disabled people hadn’t heard of the PSR.

Additional information 
There are at least 889,000 fuel poor households in England with a disabled person, which constitutes over 37 per cent of all fuel poor households – that’s a significant and identifiable section of the energy.

In qualitative analysis by the Extra Costs Commission, disabled people and families with disabled children rated energy as a moderate to high cost.

In research carried out by the charity Contact a Family, 36 per cent of families with disabled children have needed a loan to pay for heating.

Four million more below adequate living standard

Joseph Rowntree Foundation report on Minimum Income Standards reveals

Four million more people are living below an adequate standard of living and are just about managing at best, according to a new report on living standards in modern Britain – ‘Households below a Minimum Income Standard: 2008/09 to 2014/15’.

The Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF) research sheds light on how different kinds of household are faring, against the Minimum Income Standard (MIS).

MIS is a benchmark of income adequacy, as defined by what the public think is needed for a decent living standard. It is calculated by the Centre for Research in Social Policy (CRSP) at Loughborough University.

Millions on tipping point of falling into poverty

The report warns that millions of just managing families are on the tipping point of falling into poverty as prices rise in the shops, with forecasts showing the cost of living could be 10 per cent higher by 2020.

Key findings

Between 2008/9 – 2014/5, based on the latest available data from official statistics:

  • The number of individuals below MIS rose by four million, from 15 million to 19 million (from 25 to 30 per cent of the population).
  • There are 11 million people living far short of MIS, up from 9.1 million, who have incomes below 75% of the standard and are at high risk of being in poverty.
  • The remaining eight million fall short of the minimum, by a smaller amount, and despite having a more modest risk of poverty, are just about managing at best.

Families just about managing have been the focus of the Government’s efforts to support people on low incomes. However, JRF is warning there is a fine margin where just managing can quickly tip into living in poverty, such is the precarious state of many household budgets.

Standard of Living

Reasons for the increase

The increase in the numbers below MIS has been driven by rising costs while incomes stagnate. The price of a minimum “basket of goods” has risen 27-30% since 2008 and average earnings by only half that amount. The cost of living could be 10 per cent higher by 2020, a period when state support through tax credits and working age benefits has been frozen.

Working age households

The growing risk of low income is not due to an increased risk of unemployment but a growth in the risk working people will have low income. It shows how record employment in the economy on its own is not enough to help families reach MIS.

Almost three million working age households, six in 10 below MIS, have at least one person in work. Families with children continue to have the highest risk of having incomes that fall short of the standard, with working parents facing worsening prospects.

Lone parents

For lone parents, even those working full time have a 42% risk of being below MIS, up from 28% in 2008/09. 151,000 out of 356,000 people in households headed by lone parents working full time are below the minimum.

56% of people in single-breadwinner couples with children live below MIS – a substantial increase of more than a third over the six-year period. This affects 500,000 out of 880,000 people in such families.

For couples with children where one adult works full time and the other is in part-time or self-employment, the risk of inadequate income has increased by a half, reaching 18%. This is 310,000 out of 1.7 million people in such families.

Comment from Joseph Rowntree’s Chief Executive

Campbell Robb, Joseph Rowntree’s Chief Executive, said:

“For a truly shared society, everyone should have the chance to live a decent and secure life. These stark figures show just how precarious life can be for many families. Government focus on people on modest incomes is welcome, but it cannot be at the expense of those at the poorest end of the income scale: it must remember just about managing today can become poverty tomorrow.

“This could be a very difficult time for just managing families as rising inflation begins to bite into finely-balanced budgets. The high cost of living has already helped push four million more people below an adequate income, and if the cost of essentials such as food, energy and housing rise further, we need to take action to ease the strain. The Government can help in next month’s Budget by allowing families to keep more of their earnings and ensuring benefits and tax credits keep up with the rising cost of living.”

Read the Joseph Rowntree Foundation ‘Households below a Minimum Income Standard: 2008/09 to 2014/15 report’